Orthodontics is a specialty field of dentistry that diagnoses, prevents and treats irregularities of the teeth and face. Treatment can correct an irregular or "bad" bite, also known as a malocclusion.
Orthodontic care involves the use of corrective appliances, usually braces. These devices can be used to:
• Straighten teeth
• Correct an irregular bite
• Close unsightly gaps
• Bring teeth and lips into proper alignment
They also can help with procedures in other areas of dentistry. Examples include cosmetic and implant dentistry. In young children, orthodontic treatment also may guide proper jaw growth and permanent tooth eruption.
Many people's teeth are irregular in some way. For example, teeth may be slightly crowded or unevenly spaced. In fact, experts say many adults have an irregular bite. Sometimes the main problem with a "bad" bite is appearance. In other cases, it can cause difficulty in chewing or talking.
You may have inherited an irregular bite, but not all bite problems are genetic. Other causes include:
• Trauma — When teeth are broken or knocked out and then replaced, they may fuse with the bone that surrounds them. This is called ankylosis or abnormal root fusion to the bone. If this happens in a growing child, the teeth will not be able to line up properly in the jaw. An irregular bite will result.
• Prolonged thumb sucking or pacifier use — These habits can cause bite problems. For example, it may cause your upper teeth to protrude (extend) in front of your lower teeth. A tongue-thrusting habit when you swallow can cause a similar problem.
• Premature loss of primary (baby) teeth — If a primary (baby) tooth is lost too early, the permanent tooth loses its guide. It can drift or come into the mouth (erupt) incorrectly. In some cases, the permanent teeth may be crowded, or they may come in only partially. Sometimes the teeth next to the lost primary tooth can move or tilt into the space left by the missing tooth. This may prevent the permanent tooth from coming in.
The biological process involved in moving teeth is the same at any age. Children and adults can both benefit from orthodontics. It is recommended that every child receive an orthodontic evaluation by age seven. Treatment may take a little longer for adults. Because an adult's facial bones are no longer growing, certain corrections may not be accomplished with braces alone.
First, pretreatment records are made. These records are important tools for the dentist to use in making an accurate diagnosis. They include medical/dental history, clinical examination, plaster study models of teeth, photos of your face and teeth and x-rays of your mouth and head. This information will be used to decide on the best treatment.
A custom treatment plan is outlined for each patient. The specific treatment appliance best suited to correct the patient's orthodontic problem is constructed. There are a variety of different orthodontic appliances that may be used.
When the orthodontic appliances are in place, this is considered the "active treatment" phase. Appliances are adjusted periodically so that the teeth are moved correctly and efficiently.
The time required for orthodontic treatment varies from person to person. An important factor in how long a patient wears braces is how well the patient cooperates during treatment — for example, by following instructions to wear rubber bands or head gear.
After active treatment is completed, the "retention" phase begins. A patient will need to wear a retainer so that the teeth stay in their new positions. For severe orthodontic problems, surgery may be recommended.
Today's braces are generally less noticeable than those of the past. Brackets, the part of the braces that hold the wires, are bonded to the front of the teeth. These brackets can be metal, clear, or tooth-colored. Wires that are used for braces today are also less noticeable. In some cases, brackets may be put on the back of the teeth (lingual appliances). Modern wires are also less noticeable than their predecessors. Today's wires are made of "space age" materials that exert a steady, gentle pressure on the teeth, making the tooth-moving process faster and more comfortable for patients.
Modern wires are also less noticeable than their predecessors
Although the average treatment time is about 24 months, this varies with individual patients. Usually, adult treatment takes a little longer than a child's treatment. Other things to keep in mind are the severity of the problem, the health of the teeth, gums and supporting bone and how closely the patient follows instructions. While orthodontic treatment requires a time commitment, most people feel the benefits are well worth the time invested.
Mini-implant in Orthodontics
There are few risks involved in orthodontic treatment. In rare cases, certain patients may have allergic reactions to the metal or latex. People with periodontal problems, such as people with type 1 diabetes, are more likely to have complications during orthodontic treatment because they may be predisposed toward the breakdown of gum and supporting tissue. In such people, there is an increased risk that orthodontic treatment may jeopardize the long-term integrity of affected teeth. Your orthodontist will discuss the risks of your particular treatment.
Achieving the desired results from orthodontic treatment often depends on the patient's choices. Particularly with adults, an ideal treatment plan may require a multidisciplinary approach with periodontic and prosthodontic work or even corrective jaw surgeries. Many times, results are limited because the patient is not willing to undergo comprehensive treatment. However, acceptable treatment compromises often can be reached that improve a patient's condition, even if not ideally. The treatment options and expected outcomes depend on the individual, and the orthodontist will review them fully with you before beginning treatment.
At Caoha Dental Clinic, we offer all high quality dental services including: Implant Dentistry, Orthodontics, Esthetic Dentistry, General Dentistry, etc. In addition, there are some other types of treatment such as: Treatment of dental pulp, wisdom teeth, treatment of temporomandibular disorders, treatment of bad breath, etc. With a wide range of services and highly qualified dentists, we are always ready to "Make sure of healthy smile".
• Quality: Treatment quality first
• Service: Your satisfactory is our pleasure
• Fee: a reasonable cost ensure treatment qualit
We always listen, understand your dental needs and work closely with you to achieve the perfect smile of your dreams.